When you think of fitness, you often think of the classic image of women and men working with weights. Fitness is more than that and is actually a collective name with multiple goals, namely: improving your coordination, agility, endurance, strength or speed. In this blog we have briefly listed the different types of fitness for you.
Cardio is an abbreviation of ‘cardiovascular’. This literally means: ‘related to the heart and blood vessels’. Cardio fitness is therefore the form of fitness in which the training is all about creating an increased heart rate. Think of walking/running on the treadmill, cycling, rowing or train your whole body on our elliptical trainers. You achieve your goal in the best way by training at an intensity that suits you. As a result, you build up your condition and/or you lose weight.
The advantage of cardio training is that your endurance is improved. A disadvantage is that muscle tissue is also broken down during exercise. That is why our fitness instructors recommend combining cardio training with strength training, so that you achieve your goals more effectively!
Functional training or functional fitness is a form of fitness that focuses on performing functional movements. That is, movements that are part of daily life in which you combine multiple muscle groups. In addition, by functional training you also realize a tight and healthy body. In addition to developing good muscle functionality, you will lose weight faster, develop a flat stomach faster and all that in a fun way.
In contrast to functional training, traditional training involves sports on fixed equipment. During traditional training you train in isolation, so you have limited freedom of movement during exercise. The advantage of this is that you train your muscle group from one fixed position. A disadvantage of traditional training is that the exercises are less applicable to your daily movement pattern. So occasionally combine traditional training with functional training.
Strength training is possibly the most well-known form of fitness in existence. Strength training can be used for different purposes, but in the end it is really about:
- Increase in power;
- Growth of muscle mass;
- Strengthening muscles to prevent injuries;
- Increase in stamina;
- Rehabilitation training;
- Increasing your muscular endurance.
With strength training you demand a very large effort from your muscles in a very short period of time. Because the energy required for exercise cannot come from the oxygen channel alone, your body switches to energy from other sources. During high-intensity exercise, your body therefore uses carbohydrates to provide the energy it needs. So make sure you get enough carbs for fuel before exercise, otherwise you’ll break down the muscles instead of building them up. After the gym you need protein.
Strength training is also an effective way to burn calories. During the repetition of movements with heavy weights, the muscles are put under a lot of strain and thus more fat is burned. In addition, with more muscles you also burn more calories at rest, so strength training also helps with weight loss!